Tomb Raider: A Metacritic history

The first game in the Tomb Raider franchise came out back in 1996. Since then the series has gone through several different reboots and a number of games over the last two decades. This look at Tomb Raider’s Metacritic history will feature most of the major releases in the series.

This will not count three games in the series, The Last Revelation (1999), Tomb Raider (2000) and Curse of the Sword (2001) since they do not have any reviews on the site. It will also not count certain systems for certain games (like the PC version of Tomb Raider I) since they did also not have any reviews. Nor will it count versions like Tomb Raider: Definitive Edition or Rise of the Tomb Raider – 20 Year Celebration Edition.

Tomb Raider’s Metacritic history

Seven out of the 16 (43.75%) games in the Tomb Raider franchise on Metacritic have an average score over 80. After the Franchise hit rock-bottom with Angel of Darkness in 2003, it recovered well with the first reboot trilogy (Legend, Anniversary and Underworld). With the most recent reboot trilogy (Tomb Raider, Rise, and Shadow) the series has since its best scores since Tomb Raider II.

Average Metacritic score for each Tomb Raider game.png

The graph below shows the total number of combined reviews on Metacritic for all systems that each Tomb Raider game has been on.

Number of Metacritic reviews for each Tomb Raider game (1).png

To calculate the average critic score for a game I weighed the number of reviews. As an example, for Rise of the Tomb Raider I took the 102 Xbox One reviews and multiplied it by there average score of 86. I then did the same for the PC reviews. I then took both those numbers, added them together and divided it by the total number of critic scores to get the average Metacritic score.

Game Year Systems Critic Score # of Critics Avg Critic Score
Tomb Raider 1996 PS1 91 13 91
Tomb Raider II 1997 PS1 85 13 85
Tomb Raider III 1998 PS1 76 14 76
The Last Revelation 1999 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Tomb Raider (2000) 2000 N/A N/A N/A N/A
Chronicles 2000 PS1, PC, Dreamcast 63, 57, 59 15+15+9 = 39 59.76
Curse of the Sword 2001 N/A N/A N/A N/A
The Prophecy 2002 GBA 66 20 66
The Angel of Darkness 2003 PS2, PC 52, 49 37+18 = 55 51.01
Legend 2006 360, Xbox, PS2, PC, GC, PSP, DS 80, 82, 82, 82, 78, 67, 58 54+40+45+31+6+28+15 = 219 77.83
Anniversary 2007 360, PC, Wii, PSP 77, 83, 73, 78 33+26+22+32 = 113 77.88
Underworld 2008 360, PS3, PC, Wii, DS 76, 75, 80, 70, 70 57+42+20+12+9 = 140 75.37
The Guardian of Light 2010 360, PS3, PC, iOS 85, 84, 82. 70 73+26+13+11 = 123 83.13
Tomb Raider (2013) 2013 360, PS3, PC 86, 87, 86 70+25+18 = 113 86.22
Temple of Osiris 2014 PS4, One, PC 74, 72. 73 40+31+17 = 88 73.1
Lara Croft: Relic Run 2015 iOS 71 11 71
Lara Croft: Go 2015 PS4, PC, iOS, VITA 84, 69.5, 83, 83.66 15+2+39+3 = 59 82.83
Rise of the Tomb Raider 2015 One, PC 86, 86 102+45 = 147 86
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 2018 PS4, One, PC 78, 83, 79 58+54+18 = 130 80.21


Now let’s take a look at the highest and lowest scores that each Tomb Raider game has received, as well as what percentage of reviews gave a game a perfect score of 100.

Game Highest Score Lowest Score % of 100s
Tomb Raider 100 (3) 80 23.07%
Tomb Raider II 100 (2) 67 15.38%
Tomb Raider III 95 58 0%
The Last Revelation N/A N/A N/A
Tomb Raider (2000) N/A N/A N/A
Chronicles 88 35 0%
Curse of the Sword N/A N/A N/A
The Prophecy 88 10 0%
The Angel of Darkness 100 16 1.81%
Legend 100 (3) 25 0.13%
Anniversary 93 40 0%
Underworld 91 (2) 50 (4) 0%
The Guardian of Light 100 42 0.81%
Tomb Raider (2013) 100 (6) 60 (2) 5.30%
Temple of Osiris 90 (3) 50 (3) 0%
Lara Croft: Relic Run 80 (3) 60 0%
Lara Croft: Go 100 (2) 50 3.38%
Rise of the Tomb Raider 100 (8) 60 (3) 5.44%
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 100 (4) 40 3.07%

Highest and lowest score on Metacritic for each Tomb Raider game

A short bonus look at the Tomb Raider films

Film Year Number of reviews Metacritic Score (High-Low) Production Budget Opening Weekend Box Office
Lara Croft: Tomb Raider 2001 31 33 (75-0) $115 million $47,735,743 $274,703,340
Tomb Raider: Cradle of Life 2003 34 43 (75-0) $95 million $21,783,641 $156,505,388
Tomb Raider 2018 53 48 (80-10) $94 million $23,633,317 $273,821,715

Sources and info:

Featured Image: “Rise of the Tomb Raider Collector’s Edition Announced” by BagoGames is licensed under CC BY-2.0 (used to find the games, critic reviews, and scores)

All tables and graphs made using Google Spreadsheets


Which state has won the most professional sports championships?

Which states (along with the nation’s capital Washington D.C.) have the most professional championships in the five biggest team sports in America? For the purposes of this article, I counted all championships won in each of the leagues listed below for football, basketball, baseball, hockey, and soccer.

Which leagues are counted towards championships? 

Football (American Football): NFL, AFL, AAFC, USFL, Arena League, CFL

Basketball: NBA, ABA, NBL, WNBA

Baseball: MLB (NL+AL), NAPBBP, Union Association, American Association

*For baseball before the World Series (1903, 1905-present), I counted championships for which team won the pennant for that year. All World Series before 1903 were considered exhibitions, so I did not count them.


Soccer (Football): MLS, NWSL (plus predecessors WPS and WUSA)

States with the most championships

Out of the 50 states and D.C., only 26/51 (50.98%) have one at least one championship in any of these five sports. The top four states of New York, California, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania 223 championships. All other states and D.C. combined have 268.

Out of New York’s 66 championships, the Yankees have 27 (40.90%) of them. In fact, the Yankees alone have more World Series titles than all but six states (counting NY minus the Yankees total) have fewer total championships across these five sports.

States with the most professional championships

Below is a table showing the number of championships each state has won in each sport. The states with N/A never had a team in that sport in any of the above leagues mentioned.

State Football Basketball Baseball Hockey Soccer Total
Alabama 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Alaska N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Arizona 5 3 1 0 N/A 9
Arkansas N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
California 14 20 18 3 9 64
Colorado 5 0 0 2 1 8
Connecticut 0 0 0 0 N/A 0
Delaware N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0
Florida 11 3 2 1 0 17
Georgia 0 0 1 0 0 1
Hawaii N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Idaho N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Illinois 12 7 13 6 1 39
Indiana 1 7 N/A N/A N/A 8
Iowa 0 0 0 N/A N/A 0
Kansas N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Kentucky 0 1 1 N/A N/A 2
Louisiana 1 0 N/A N/A N/A 1
Maine N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Maryland 7 1 6 N/A 0 14
Massachusetts 5 17 22 6 0 50
Michigan 10 6 5 11 N/A 32
Minnesota 0 10 2 0 0 12
Mississippi N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Missouri 2 1 16 0 4 23
Montana N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Nebraska N/A 0 N/A N/A N/A 0
Nevada 0 0 N/A 0 N/A 0
New Hampshire N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
New Jersey 0 0 0 3 1 4
New Mexico N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
New York 12 7 37 8 2 66
North Carolina 0 0 N/A 1 1 2
North Dakota N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Ohio 13 4 8 0 1 26
Oklahoma 0 N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Oregon 0 1 N/A 0 3 4
Pennsylvania 15 4 17 7 0 43
Rhode Island 1 0 2 N/A N/A 3
South Carolina N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
South Dakota N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Tennessee 0 0 N/A 0 N/A 0
Texas 8 12 1 1 2 24
Utah N/A 1 N/A N/A 1 2
Vermont N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Virginia N/A N/A 0 N/A N/A 0
Washington 2 3 0 1 1 7
Washington D.C. 5 1 1 1 5 13
West Virginia N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0
Wisconsin 13 4 1 N/A N/A 18
Wyoming N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0

States with three or fewer championships

Georgia: Atlanta Braves 1995 World Series (MLB)

Louisiana: New Orleans Saints 2009 Super Bowl (NFL)

Kentucky: Kentucky Colonels 1975 ABA Champions (ABA), Louisville Colonels 1890 pennant winners (AA)

Utah: Utah Stars 1971 ABA Champions (ABA), Real Salt Lake 2009 MLS Cup (MLS)

North Carolina: Carolina Hurricanes 2006 Stanley Cup (NHL), Carolina Courage 2002 Founders Cup Champions (WUSA)

Rhode Island: Providence Steam Roller 1928 NFL Championship (NFL), Providence Grays 1879 and 1884 pennant winners (NL)

Some interesting facts from this information

  • Pennsylvania has the most football championships (15)
  • California has the most basketball championships (20)
  • California has the most soccer championships (9)
  • New York has the most baseball championships (37)
  • Michigan has the most hockey championships (11)
  • Ohio is tied for the 3rd most football championships even though a team from the state has not won since the Browns captured their last NFL Championship in 1964.
  • Rhode Island has as many or more football championships then North Carolina, Georgia, Minnesota, Louisiana, Indiana, and Tennessee. This is despite all these states currently having NFL teams.
  • Despite being the smallest state, Rhode Island has more championships than 31 states.
  • Maryland is the only state to have won a Grey Cup when the Baltimore Stallions won it in 1995 during the CFL’s brief expansion into America.
  • 17 states have never had a professional team in any of the five major sports.


Sources and Info:

Featured Image: “USA State Flag Map” by WonderWhy is licensed under CC BY-2.0

All graphs and tables made using Google Spreadsheet

Olivia de Havilland and the age of the Gone with the Wind cast

Yesterday, legendary Hollywood actress Olivia de Havilland celebrated her 102nd birthday. Havilland appeared in sixty different films, TV movies, and TV series during her acting career which started in the mid-1930s and ended in the late 1980s.

She is a two-time Academy Award winner, taking home the award for Best Actress in 1947 (To Each His Own) and again in 1950 (The Heiress). Havilland was also a two-time nominee for the award in 1942 (Hold Back the Dawn) and 1949 (The Snake Pit), as well as a nominee for Best Supporting Actress in 1940 (Gone with the Wind).

Gone With the Wind, where Havilland plays Melaine Hamilton, is one of her best-known roles due to its massive success and popularity. The film, an adaption of the 1936 Pulitzer Prize winning novel by Margaret Mitchell, is regarded as one the best movies ever made and has had a massive impact on American culture.

Age and timeline for Gone with the Wind cast

According to IMDB, Gone with the Wind has 43 actors and actresses that were credited in the making of the 1939 film. Only two of those 43 are still alive, the aforementioned Olivia de Havilland and Mickey Kuhn, who was one of Hollywood’s staple child actors in the 1930s and 1940s.

Out of the 43, ten of them did not make it to 60 years of age, including the two stars of the film Vivien Leigh (53) and Clark Gable (59). On the flip side, seven members of cast lived to be or are currently at least 90. The oldest (not counting Havilland) was Alicia Rhett, (98) who played India Wilkes in what would be her solo acting credit.

Age of Gone with the Wind cast (in credits order)

Click here to view the larger version of the above graph

Below is a timeline chart representing when each of the 43 cast members was born and when they died, with the exception of Havilland and Kuhn (highlighted in yellow) whose end date is today.

The top of the graph (in orange) are all of the male cast members, while the bottom of the graph (in very light pink) are the female cast members. In both cases, the timeline goes outward from the oldest people (in terms of date of birth) to the most recent.


Click here to view the interactive version of the above graph

Sources and Info: (Any not put here are linked in the article above)

Featured Image: “Olivia de Havilland publicity photo for Gone with the Wind, 1939” by MGM is a public domain image (Used to find cast information, date of birth and date of death). (Used to make timeline chart)

Used Google Spreadsheet to make age chart

What is the correlation between winning the Palme d’Or and one of the major Oscars?

Today is the final day of the 71st annual Cannes Film Festival and Japanese film  Shoplifters ( 万引き家族 / Manbiki kazoku) had the honor of being selected as the film to win the Palme d’Or.

This award is the highest prize awarded at Cannes, given to the top film presented at that year’s festival. It is also widely regarded as one of the most prestigious honors to be granted in the entire film industry.

From 1946-54 and again from 1964-74, the top film was awarded as the ‘Grand Prix du Festival International du Film.’ In the years in between and since 1974, it has been the Palme d’Or that has been given out as the top prize.

The number of films to win the Palme d’Or

Despite this being the 71st Cannes, the Palme d’Or given out today will be the 91st in the history of the festival. This is because there have been years with multiple winners, as well as years where the award was not given out.

The Palme d’Or was not given out at the 1947 Festival. It was unable to be given in 1968 as that year’s festival had to be canceled early due to the May 1968 events in France. There have also been multiple years (1951, 1952, 1961, 1966, 1972, 1973, 1979, 1980, 1982, 1993, 1997) in which two films were award with the top prize.

Then there is the 1939 winner, which was awarded retroactively at the 2002 Festival. That is because that year was supposed to be the first Cannes Festival but it never took place due to World War II breaking out. Finally, there is the 1946 Festival which saw 11 films take home the top prize since each country took home its own ‘Grand Prix’ due to the diplomatic tone of the event just after the war.


Palme d’Or winners and Best Picture and Director

Best Picture

Out of the 16 films to have won the Palme d’Or and be nominated for ‘Best Picture’, only two (12.5%) have won. These two films are The Lost Weekend (1946 Cannes) and Marty (1955).

Best Director

Out of the 18 films to have won the Palme d’Or and be nominated for ‘Best Director’, only three (16.66%) have won. They are Billy Wilder (The Lost Weekend), Delbert Mann (Marty) and Roman Polanski (The Pianist, 2002 Cannes).

Palme d’Or winners and Best Adapted and Original Screenplay

Best Adapted or Original Screenplay.png

Out of the 20 films to be nominated 12 were for ‘Best Original Screenplay’ and eight were for ‘Best Adapted Screenplay.’ Eight (40%) of these films won, with three winning for ‘Best Original Screenplay’ and five winning for Best Adapted Screenplay.’

The ‘Best Orignal Screenplay’ winners were A Man and a Woman (1966), The Piano (1993) and Plup Fiction (1994). Meanwhile, the ‘Best Adapted Screenplay’ winners were The Lost WeekendMartyMASH (1970), Missing (1982) and The Pianist.

Palme d’Or winners and Best Actor and Actress

Best Actor

Out of the eight films to have won the Palme d’Or and have a nominee for ‘Best Actor’, three (37.5%) have won. The winners are Ray Milland (The Lost Weekend), Ernest Borgnine  (Marty) and Adrien Brody (The Pianist). 

Best Actress

Out of the six films to have won the Palme d’Or and have a nominee for ‘Best Actress’, only one (16.66%) has won. That was Holly Hunter (The Piano).

Palme d’Or winners and Best Supporting Actor and Actress

Best Supporting Actor

Best Supporting Actress

Out of the five films to have won the Palme d’Or and have a nominee for ‘Best Supporting Actor’, none have won the award. For the eight films to have won the Palme d’Or and have a nominee for ‘Best Supporting Actress’, there has only been one (12.5%) winner. That was Anna Paquin (The Piano).

Other Palme d’Or and Oscars connections

Overall, 14 films have been Palme d’Or winners have been nominated for the Academy Award for ‘Best Foreign Picture’, since it was first introduced in 1956. Five of those nominees ended up winning the award. These films are Black Orpheus (Cannes 1959), A Man and a Woman, Tin Drum (1979), Pelle the Conqueror (1988) and Amour (2012).

Gates of Hell won an ‘Academy Honorary Award’ in 1954, which was often given to the best foreign language film released in the United States prior to 1956. Two films have won the Palme d’Or and the Academy Award for ‘Best Documentary’, The Silent World (1956) and Fahrenheit 9/11 (2004).

Sources and Info:

Featured Image: “Plaquette avec la Palme d’or” by karel leermans via Wikimedia Commons is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 (used to note each winner and then go to each film to see their accolades).

All other graphs made using Google Spreadsheets


Box office performance: Black Panther

On February 16th, Marvel Studios’ Black Panther hit theaters and has since become a massive box office and cultural hit over the past three months. The film dominated the box office in ways that few films have in terms of its long-term staying power. This article will take a look at how Black Panther stacks up historically using information from BoxOfficeMojo.

Weekly and weekend box office streaks

From February 16 until March 22, Black Panther was the No. 1 movie at the domestic box office for five weeks running. The last time a film had a streak that long was Avatar, which was No. 1 for seven weeks from December 18, 2009 until February 4, 2010.

In terms of the weekend box office, Black Panther was the No. 1 movie at the domestic box office for six weeks in a row. Once again, Avatar was the last movie to hold the top spot that long. It won the weekend box office eight weeks in a row.

Domestic gross

Towards the end of March, Black Panther became the highest grossing superhero film at the domestic box office, passing The AvengersLast month, the film passed Titanic on the all-time domestic box office list to move into third place.


*All of the above films have come out since 2012 except Avatar (2009), The Dark Knight (2008) and Titanic (1997).

*Black Panther (12.4 weeks) and Infinity War (2.4 weeks) are the only films on the above list active in theaters.


domestic gross inflation

When looking at the all-time domestic gross list and accounting for ticket price inflation, Black Panther comes in at number 30. This puts it $1,154,396,982 behind Gone with the Wind, as opposed to the $240,330,407 it is behind The Force Awakens on the non-adjusted list.

Worldwide gross

Black Panther had the 16th best worldwide weekend opening of all-time at $371.4 million. It earned $169.4 million (45.6%) of that from its combined overseas openings.

In terms of all-time worldwide gross, Black Panther is ninth at $1,342.2 billion, with $645.8 million (48.1%) of that coming from its overseas earnings. The film is one of only 11 to cross the $1.3 billion mark worldwide and one of only 34 to cross the one billion mark worldwide.

worldwide gross.png

*Films over $500,000 mark domestically but not $1.3 billion worldwide: Beauty and the Beast (13th: $1,263.5), Rogue One (25th: $1,056.1) and The Dark Knight (34th, $1,004.6)

Other marks that Black Panther set 

Black Panther has the ninth highest opening day gross of all time.

Black Panther has the sixth biggest opening weekend of all time.

Black Panther has the fifth biggest opening week of all time.

Black Panther was the sixth fastest film to cross the $100,000 mark.

Black Panther is the highest grossing film for the month of February.

Notes and Info:

Featured Image: “Black_Panther” by Miguel Angel Aranda (Viper) is licensed under  Public Domain Mark 1.0 (all specific links are in the article above)

All charts and graphs made using Google Spreadsheets

The average age of each President of the Jury for the Cannes Film Festival

The 71st annual Cannes Film Festival started a few days ago on May 8th, with actress Cate Blanchett having the honor of serving as the President of the Jury. Every year this festival hosted in Cannes, France previews a selected number of new films from around the world.

Generally, someone that is an internationally recognized personality in the world of cinema serves as the President of the Jury. Serving as the main competition President of the Jury is regarded as a great honor.

Number of Presidents of the Jury

There have been 72 Presidents of the Jury in the history of the Cannes Film Festival. This is because Ethan and Jesse Coen co-hosted as President of the Jury for the 2015 festival. However, only 66 different people have held the position as there have been several people who were President of the Jury multiple times.

Person Number of times as President (years)
Georges Huisman 3 (1946, 1947, 1949)
Andre Maurios 2 (1951, 1957)
Jean Cocteau 2 (1953, 1954)
Marcel Achard 2 (1958, 1959)
Jeanne Moreau 2 (1975. 1995)

The average age of Cannes’ Presidents of the Jury 

The average age of the 72 Cannes’ Presidents of the Jury is 58.13 years old. Out of the 66 different people who have served held the position, 31 of them are still alive and 35 of them have passed away. The average age of those still alive is 70.77 years old, while the average age of those who have passed is 77.80 years old.

chart (1)

*Not held in 1948 or 1950.

The youngest person to serve as President of the Jury was actress Sophia Loren (31), while the oldest person was filmmaker and writer René Clair (75). Below is another graph to illustrate the age range of Presidents of the Jury in the history of Cannes.

Average age pie.png

Director, producer and screenwriter Louis Malle (63) was the youngest past President of the Jury to pass away, while the oldest was actress Michèle Morgan (96). Now, let’s take a greater look at Presidents of the Jury who are still alive.



Starting in 1989 all but three (Louis Malle, Jeanne Moreau, and Patrice Chéreau) Presidents of the Jury are still alive. Only three from before the 1989 Cannes Festival are still alive.

They are actress Olivia de Havilland (1965, age 101), Sophia Loren (1966, age 83) and actor Kirk Douglas (1980, age 101). Havilland and Loren were also the first two women to serve in the role as President of the Jury.

Where have the Presidents of the Jury come from?

Finally, let’s take a look at what countries the 66 different Presidents of the Jury were born in.

Number of Presidents of the Jury born in each country

*Fritz Lang (1964 President) was born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (Now Austria)

*Milos Forman (1985 President) was born in Čáslav, Czechoslovakia (Now Czech Republic)

*Emir Kusturica (2005 President) Sarajevo, SRF Yugoslavia (Now Bosnia and Herzegovina)

Sources and Info:

Featured Image: “Cannes Film Festival 2011-1978” by soaringbird is licensed under CC BY-SA 2.0 (use to note jury presidents, their place of birth/death and age) (used to calculate age of jury president for that year)

Information on Georges Huisman 

Information on Tetsurō Furukaki (Used to create world map of place of birth)

All other charts and tables made using Google Spreadsheets